1980 – 1989

Bacchiega Minuzzo, Franca. Robinson Jeffers, La Natura, La Scienza, La Poesa. Florence, Italy: Nuovedivizioni Enrico Vallecchi, ca. 1980.

Becker, Edward L. “The Moment of Vision in W. B. Yeats, Wallace Stevens, T. S. Eliot, and Robinson Jeffers.” University of California, Berkeley dissertation, 1980. [Abstract in RJN 61 (July 1982): 6. This “moment” equals experience of unitary consciousness, unification of opposites; most concerns of each poet are ultimately seen as centered vision; the four poets differ in particular emphases; comparisons/contrasts aid in understanding each.]

Beilke, Marlan. “Robinson Jeffers.” Second Spring 6 (June–July 1980): 12–13.

Benediktsson, Thomas E. George Sterling. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1980. Passim.

Brophy, Robert. “Judith Anderson Letters and Memorabilia, Tor House Foundation.” RJN 56 (June 1980): 45–47.

Butterfield, R. W. “Robinson Jeffers.” American Writers. Ed. A. Walton Litz. New York: Scribner’s, 1980. 19–25.

Corey, Steve. “Phoebe and Hans Barkan’s Collection of Robinson Jeffers.” Metro [San Francisco] (December 1980).

Everson, William. “The Tragic Vision” and “The Regional Perspective.” Earth Poetry: Selected Essays and Interviews. Ed. Lee Bartlett. Berkeley, CA: Oyez, 1980. 75–95, 203–04.

Fox, C. J. “The Zeitgeist and Robinson Jeffers.” Antigonish Review 43 (1980): 91–104. B60.

Francis, Sowmu. “Inhumanism in the Poetry of Robinson Jeffers and Wallace Stevens.” University of Madras dissertation, 1980. B60. [Abstract in RJN 63 (June 1983): 8. The “inhuman” in Stevens is closer to denoting the divine than in RJ.]

Jeffers, Donnan. Some Notes on the Building of Tor House. Carmel, CA: privately printed, 1980. [See 1979 entry.]

____. The Stones of Tor House. Carmel, CA: privately printed, 1980. [Exhaustive listing of stones from the Great Wall, the Pyramids, Angkor Wat, Stonehenge, etc., embedded throughout house and tower proclaiming unity in time and space.]

Jeffers, Una. A Letter from Una Jeffers. San Francisco: Roxburghe and Zamerano Clubs Keepsake, 1980. [March 1934 letter to Phoebe Barkan; see RJN 44: 8.]

____. “Una Jeffers Correspondent: Hazel Pinkham Letters, 1912–1920.” RJN 56 (June 1980): 7–44.

____. “Una Jeffers Correspondent: Pinkham Letters, 1921–1925.” RJN 57 (Nov. 1980): 6–26. [Includes a map of housing that RJ’s group rented on Lake Washington.]

Kafka, Robert, and Michael Mooney. “Jeffers Scholarly Materials: Small and Minor Holdings.” RJN 56 (June 1980): 47–55.

Lardner, James. “Medea’s Winding Road to Washington.” RJN 60 (June 1980): 23–27.

Lucas, James L. “The Religious Dimension to Twentieth-Century British and American Literature.” Northern Illinois University dissertation, 1980. [Abstract in RJN 77 (Jan. 1990): 6. Twentieth-century literary repudiation of religious orthodoxy is illustrated in nihilism of RJ and Samuel Beckett, from which came an ascent into secular humanism; religion is defined as “ultimate concern” (after Paul Tillich); Lucas summarizes Western literary development, literary critical schools; divides authors into heretical and orthodox; under heretical listing mystical humanists (Yeats,
Joyce, Lawrence, O’Neill, D. Thomas), social humanists (Shaw, McLeish, Faulkner, Hemingway, Bellow), and nihilists (RJ and Beckett); under orthodox listing Catholic (Greene and Flannery O’Connor) and Anglican (Eliot and Auden). He notes that nihilism rejects values and religion but not necessarily God.]

Lyon, Thomas. “Western Poetry.” Journal of the West 19 (Jan. 1980): 45–53.

Meador, Roy. “The Pittsburgh Years of Robinson Jeffers.” Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine 63 (1980): 17–30.

Nichols, Charles H. Arne Bontemps–Langston Hughes Letters 1925–1967. New York: Dodd, Mead. 1980. Passim. [Hughes’s Carmel connection with the Jefferses.]

Pickup, Ron. “Visiting Tor House.” Metro [San Francisco]. (Dec. 1980).

Powell, Lawrence Clark. “Letter from the Southwest: Inspired by Robinson Jeffers, Artist Gordon Newell Seeks the Poem within the Stone.”Westways (Nov. 1980): 38+.

Ritchie, Ward. The Poet and the Printers. Laguna Beach, CA: Laguna Verde Imprenta, 1980.

Rolfe, Lionel. “Robinson Jeffers: The Lost L.A. Years.” Los Angeles Herald and Examiner California Living Magazine 9 Mar. 1980: 14–17.

Schwab, Arnold. “The Robinson Connection.” RJN 57 (Nov. 1980): 26–35.

Waldon, Aaron. “Robinson Jeffers: Visions from a Strange Stone Tower.” Metro [San Francisco]. (Dec. 1980).

Wolfskill, George K. “‘The Modern Temper’: The Problem of Rationalism in the Works of Ernest Hemingway, Archibald MacLeish, and Robinson Jeffers.” University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill dissertation, 1980. [Abstract in RJN 61 (July 1982): 4. His point of departure is Krutch’s The Modern Temper—the age’s differing responses to ration-alism and science; RJaccepts these and finds in them reason to reject social aspirations; they turned him to the larger universe.]

Beilke, Marlan. Conversations with the Future [1-hr. cassette]. Amador City, CA: Quintessence Publications, 1981.

Brophy, Robert. In Search of Robinson Jeffers: A Selected Bibliography. Carmel, CA: Tor House Foundation, 1981.

____. “Jeffers’s Book Inscriptions for S. S. Alberts.” RJN 59 (Sept. 1981): 3–5. [From Gotham Book Mart Catalog for sale of S. S. Alberts’s books.]
Brown, Charlotte. “Jeffers Scholarly Resources: University of Maryland.” RJN 58 (May 1981): 35.

Carpenter, Frederic I. “The Inhumanism of Robinson Jeffers.” Western American Literature 16 (Spring 1981): 19–25. B39. [Reflects on the reception of RJ’s term in The Double Axe; traces the meanings of Humanism from the Renaissance; RJ’s term relates to astronomy; Carpenter calls it “cosmic naturalism.”]

Dickey, James. Afterword. Babel to Byzantium. New York: Ecco P, 1981. [Reprinting of “First and Last Things,” Poetry 103 (Feb. 1964): 113–45; see also 1968.]

Jeffers, Una. “Una Jeffers Correspondent: Pinkham Letters, 1926–1932.” RJN 58 (May 1981): 8–32.

____. “Una Jeffers Correspondent: Pinkham Letters, 1933–42.” RJN 59 (Sept. 1981): 6–16.

Milosz, Czeslaw. “To Robinson Jeffers” [poem]. RJN 58 (May 1981): 16–17.

Moffett, Penelope. “Robinson Jeffers: His Poetry Lives.” Los Angeles Times 22 Nov. 1981: 29.

Motherwell, Robert. Renate Ponsold/Robert Motherwell. Apropos Robinson Jeffers [exhibit catalog juxtaposing photographs, prints, and paintings with lines of the poet]. Ed. Constance Glenn. Long Beach: California State University Art Museum and Galleries, 1981.

Rodgers, Covington. “Jeffers Scholarly Resources: Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University.” RJN 58 (May 1981): 32–34.

Rolfe, Lionel. “Robinson Jeffers: The Lost L.A. Years.” Literary L.A. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1981, 67–75.

Schwab, Arnold. “Jeffers and Millay: A Literary Friendship.” RJN 59 (Sept. 1981): 18–33.

Scott, Robert Ian. Introduction, Commentary, and Notes. What Odd Expedients and Other Poems. By Robinson Jeffers. Hamden, CT: Archon, 1981. 1–23, 57–112, 113–17.

Zaller, Robert. “The Birth of the Hero: Robinson Jeffers’s ‘The Tower Beyond Tragedy.’” RJN 58 (May 1981): 5–16. B 161. [“The Tower Beyond Tragedy” a verse play read as a philosophic poem with dramatic monologues; a condensation of Aeschylus’s triology, a reinterpretation by modern consciousness.]

Bender, Albert. Letter to the Carmelite. RJN 60 (June 1982): 21–22. [Reprint from 1928 Carmel paper.]

Beers, Terry. “Robinson Jeffers: His Imagery and Symbolism.” California State University, Northridge thesis, 1982. [Abstract in RJN 62 (Jan. 1983): 4.]

Brophy, Robert. “Jeffers Country.” RJN 61 (July 1982): 41. [Map by Mary Fitzgerald Beach, accompanied by Brophy’s list of poems to read down the coast.]

____. “Jeffers Scholarly Materials: Melba Bennett Collection, Palm Springs.” RJN 61 (July 1982): 38–40.

____. “Robinson Jeffers.” Fifty Western Writers. Eds. Fred Erisman and Richard W. Etulain. Westport, CT: Greenwood P, 1982. 215–27.

Brown, Jane. “A Dancer’s Medea.” RJN 61 (July 1982): 3–4. [An Oakland, CA, dance company’s interpretation of RJ’s adapting Euripides.]

Deutsch, Monroe E. “Saint Albert of San Francisco.” RJN 60 (June 1982): 16–21.

Friedman, Mickey. “What Time Has Done to Robinson Jeffers’s Reputation.” San Francisco Examiner 29 Mar. 1982: sec. E: 3.

Gingerich, Owen. “The Galileo Affair.” Scientific American 297 (Aug. 1982), 143 and passim. [Agrees with RJ on the nature of scientific myth.]

Jeffers, Robinson. Medea: Adapted from Euripides. Garden City: Doubleday, n.d. (ca. 1982). [Reprint of 1946 text with notes, cast list, and photographs from 1982 Kennedy Center revival.]

Jeffers, Una. “Una Jeffers Correspondent: Albert Bender Letters.” RJN 60 (June 1982): 5–16.

____. “Una Jeffers Correspondent: Albert Bender Letters.” RJN 61 (July 1982): 18–38.

Klein, Mina Cooper. “Jeffers Observed: A Memoir.” RJN 61 (July 1982): 7–18. [See 1986 for book publication.]

Lardner, James. “Medea’s Winding Road to Washington: A Review.” RJN 60 (June 1982): 23–27.

Milosz, Czeslaw. “Carmel.” Visions from San Francisco Bay. New York: Farrar, Straus, Giroux, 1982. 87–94. [Poem “To Robinson Jeffers,” 95–96.]

Payne, John R. “Robinson Jeffers: Humanities Research Center, Austin.” RJN 60 (June 1982): 222–23.

Scott, Robert Ian. “From Berkeley to Barclay’s Delusion: Robinson Jeffers Versus Modern Narcissism.” Mosaic 15.3 (Sept. 1982): 55–61. B133. [Rejects Krutch’s contention that science has made human values meaningless; discusses “The Women at Point Sur” as rejecting delusion.]
____.The Wings Still. Carmel: Tor House Publications, 1982. [Neighboring poets’ responses to RJ’s poetry.]

Ackerman, Dianne. “Robinson Jeffers: The Beauty of Transhuman Things.” American Poetry Review 12 (Mar.–Apr. 1983): 16–18.

Adamic, Louis. Robinson Jeffers: A Portrait. Covelo, CA: Yolla Bolly Press, 1983. [Re-issue of 1929 edition. Foreword by Garth Jeffers.]

Berry, Faith. Langston Hughes, Before and Beyond Harlem. Westport, CT: L. Hill, 1983. Passim.

Brophy, Robert. “An Index to the Poems of Robinson Jeffers.” RJN 63 (June 1983): 31– 44.

Diggory, Terrence. “The Inhuman Self: Robinson Jeffers.” Yeats and American Poetry. Princeton UP, 1983. 118–33. B49–50. [RJ describes himself as “The Old Stonemason” who pulled himself and stones to build “out of the tide-wash”; he becomes the source of a tradition and makes himself his own ancestor.]

Everson, William. On Writing the Waterbirds and Other Presentations: Collected Forewords and Afterwords, 1935–1981. Ed. Lee Bartlett. Metuchen: Scarecrow, 1983. 157–269.

Gundy, Jeffrey. “I and Me Above and in All Things: Versions of Self in Modern Poetry.” Indiana University dissertation, 1983. [Abstract in RJN 77 (Jan. 1990): 8. Five major twentieth-century poets attempt to avoid narcissism and rampant egotism: Eliot’s poetry is impersonal; RJ’s is uncentering; Olson’s eliminates individual as ego; Staf-ford’s explores outward; and Bly’s reaches for deep levels of self and world.]

Harmsen, Tyrus G. “Occidental College Library: Recent Jeffers Acquisitions.” RJN 62 (Jan. 1983): 35–36.

Houston, James. “Necessary Ecstasy: An Afterword to Cawdor.” Cawdor: The Narrative Poem. By Robinson Jeffers. Covelo, CA: Yolla Bolly, 1983, 117–27.

Jeffers, Robinson. Three quotes from letters in sellers’ catalogs. RJN 63 (June 1983): 29–30. [August 1937 letter on “The Women at Point Sur”; undated condolence; March 1946 letter on the atom bomb.]

Jeffers, Una. “Una Jeffers Correspondent: Bender Letters 1936–40.” RJN 62 (Jan. 1983): 15–35.

____. “Una Jeffers Correspondent: Ellen O’Sullivan Letters.” RJN 63 (June 1983): 18– 29.

Jerome, Judson. “‘Roan Stallion.’” Writers Digest (Apr. 1983): 52–55.

Lehman, Benjamin. “Recollections and Reminiscences.” RJN 63 (June 1983): 12–18. B94.

Nickerson, Edward A. “A Structure of Opposites.” RJN 62 (Jan. 1983): 1–8.

Powell, Lawrence Clark. “Delicieuse Ville, Melancolique et Douce: Dijon 1930–32.” RJN 62 (Jan. 1983): 10–15.

Schwarzbaum, Liz. “Women’s Anger: One Who Admits to a Deep Rage Wonders Why the Medea Story Makes Her Calm.” The Dial [KCET, Los Angeles] 4 (1983): 14–15.

Scott, Robert I. “Egocentric Versus Ecologically Responsible Poetry.” RJN 62 (Jan. 1983): 5–6. B133.

____. “Robinson Jeffers as Anti-Imagist.” RJN 63 (June 1983): 8–12. B133.

Smith, Cecil. “For Judith Anderson, 85: ‘A Wonderful Journey.’” Los Angeles Times 20 Apr. 1983: sec. 4: 1+.

Staley, George. “‘But Ancient Violence Longs to Breed’: Robinson Jeffers’s ‘The Bloody Sire’ and Aeschylus’s Oresteia.” Classical and Modern Literature 3 (Summer 1983): 193–99. B140.

Zaller, Robert. The Cliffs of Solitude: A Reading of Robinson Jeffers. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1983.

Beers, Terry. “Jeffers’s ‘Solstice.’” Explicator 42 (Summer 1984): 34–35.

Blacker, Irwin. “Primal Conflict and Modern American Long Narrative Poetry.” Case Western Reserve University dissertation, 1984. [Abstract in RJN 67 (July 1986): 7.]

Brophy, Robert. “Index to the First Lines of Robinson Jeffers’s Poems.” RJN 64 (Apr. 1984): 16–31.

____. “Jeffers Biographical Entries in Library Handbooks.” RJN 64 (Apr. 1984): 6–7. [A listing.]

____. “Jeffers Manuscript Holdings: Gleeson Library.” RJN 64 (Apr. 1984): 7–9.

____. “Jeffers Scholarly Resources: Tor House Foundation, Carmel.” RJN 65 (Dec. 1984): 31–32. [Judith Anderson papers.]

Butterfield, R. W. (Herbie). “The Dark Magnificence of Things: The Poetry of Robinson Jeffers.” Modern American Poetry. Ed. R. W. Butterfield. London: Vision, 1984. 93– 109.

Dougherty, David C. “The Epic Conventions of Robinson Jeffers.” Mid-Hudson Language Series 7 (1984): 45–56.

Frazer, Winifred. Mabel Dodge Luhan. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1984. Passim.

Hayman, Lee Richard. “On the Land of Steinbeck and Jeffers.” A B Bookman’s Weekly (13 Feb. 1984): 129–32.

Houston, James D. “Necessary Ecstasy: An Afterword to ‘Cawdor.’” Western American Literature 19 (Aug. 1984): 99–112.

Jeffers, Robinson, and Una Jeffers. Una and Robinson Jeffers: Two Early Letters. [Los Angeles]: Tiger P, 1984. [Introduced by Robert Kafka.]

Jeffers, Una. “Una Jeffers Correspondent: Additional Pinkham Letters.” RJN 64 (Apr. 1984): 8–31.

____. “Una Jeffers Correspondent: Letters to Judith Anderson, 1941–50.” RJN 65 (Dec. 1984): 8–31.

Kingman, Daniel. Five Earthquakes with Birds [musical interpretation of RJ’s poems]. n.d. [Noted in RJN 89 (Winter 1984): 3.]

Lawson, David. “The Challenge of Robinson Jeffers’s Inhumanism.” Humanist in Canada (Autumn 1984): 17–19.

Morris, David C. “Literature and Environment: The Inhumanist Perspective.” University of Washington dissertation, 1984. [Abstract in RJN 71 (Sept. 1987): 9. Offers RJ’s Inhumanism as solution to environmental crisis, repudiating anthropocentrism; confronts New Critical, poststructural, and deconstructive approaches to reading RJ; emphasizes short poems over narratives.]

Plott, David A. “Feasting Gods: The Early Narrative Poems of Robinson Jeffers.” Harvard University dissertation, 1984. [Abstract in RJN 67 (July 1986): 6. Notes narrative techniques of “Tamar,” “The Women at Point Sur,” “Cawdor” (a trilogy); RJ’s use of narrators, nightmares, visions, prophecies as devices to organize narrative material; reliance on the unconscious, the supernatural, and distorted states of consciousness as modes of narration.]

Powell, Lawrence Clark. “Two Diary Vignettes of Jeffers.” RJN 65 (Dec. 1984): 7–8.

Rudnick, Lois. “American Gothic: Mabel Dodge Luhan and Robinson Jeffers.” Mabel Dodge Luhan. Albuquerque: U of New Mexico P, 1984, 286–301.

Scott, Robert I. “A Note on the History of the Locale of ‘Solstice.’” RJN 65 (Dec. 1984): 7.

Waggoner, Hyatt Howe. “Chapter 18: Melodies of Chaos.” American Poets from Puritans to Present. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State UP, 1984. 469–77.

Wallace, David Rains, Morley Baer [photos], and Wallace Stegner. The Wilder Shore. (A Yolla Bolly Press Book.) San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1984. [Photobook using RJ’s poetry.]

Ahrends, Gunter. “Wanderlungen der Naturkonzeption in der amerikanischen Lyric des 20. Jahrhunderts.” Englische und americanische Naturdichtung im 20. Jahrhundert. Eds. Gunter Ahrends and Hans Ulrich Seeber. Tubingen: Narr, 1985. 215–34.

Brinnin, John Malcolm. “An Awkward Meeting.” RJN 66 (July 1985): 4–5.

Brophy, Robert. “Robinson Jeffers.” Western American Literature 20 (Aug. 1985): 133– 50.

Colleta, William. “The Grammar of ‘Inhumanism’: A Linguistic Analysis of the Short Poems of Robinson Jeffers.” University of Alaska thesis, 1985.

Dickie, Jean Kellogg. “Merle Armitage and The Loving Shepherdess.” RJN 66 (July 1985): 8–15.

Elder, John. “The Covenant of Loss.” Imagining the Earth: Poetry and Vision of Nature. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1985. 7–23. [RJ compared with Wordsworth (“The Coast Road” with “Michael”) and Eliot (“Waste Land”).]

Jarman, Mark. “Robinson Jeffers: ‘The Love and the Hate.’” New England Review and Breadloaf Quarterly 8 (1985): 90–97.

Jeffers, Una. “Tor House Planting.” RJN 16 (July 1985): 16–17.

Jordan-Smith, Paul. “A Reminiscence [of RJ].” RJN 66 (July 1985): 3–4.

Klein, Herbert. “Simenon-Jeffers: A Quasi-Encounter in Carmel.” RJN 66 (July 1985): 5–7.

Kreutzer, Eberhard. “Zur Aktualitat Zeitgenossischer Naturdichtung: Gary Snyder und der okologische Imperativ.” Englische und amerikanische Naturdichtung im 20. Jahrhundert. Eds. Gunter Ahrends and Hans Seeber. Tubingen: Narr, 1985. 335–52.

Lagayette, Pierre. “The Guardian of His Gifts: Una and Robinson Jeffers.” Le Sud et Autre Points Cardineaux. By Jeanne-Marie Santraud. Paris: Centre de Recherches en Literature et Civilization N. Americaine, 1985. 75–81.

Murphy, Patrick D. “Robinson Jeffers’s Macabre and Darkly Marvelous ‘Double Axe.’” Western American Literature 20 (Nov. 1985): 195–209.

Pastorius, Mary Beth. “From Sewickley to Carmel: It’s a Small World.” Sewickley Herald 23 Jan. 1985: 5.

Perkins, George. “Robinson Jeffers.” The American Tradition in Literature. Vol. 2. 6th ed. New York: Random House, 1985. 1108–09.

Scott, Robert Ian. “Robinson Jeffers’s Tragedies as Rediscovery of the World.” Rocky Mountain Review of Language and Literature 29 (1985): 147–65.

Sessions, George, and Bill Duvall. Deep Ecology: Living as if Nature Mattered. Salt Lake City: Peregrine Smith, 1985.

Starr, Kevin. Inventing the Dream. New York: Oxford UP, 1985. 114–15. [On early RJ in Pasadena.]

Yozzo, John M. “In Illo Tempore, ab Origine: Violence and Reintegration in the Poems of Robinson Jeffers.” University of Tulsa dissertation, 1985. [Abstract in RJN 71 (Jan. 1988): 10. Study of RJ’s celebrating of fragmentation and disintegration and their part in the myth of cosmic reintegration: first, “Original Sin”; second, “Tamar,” “Roan Stallion,” and “The Tower Beyond Tragedy”; third, shorter poems against solipsism; fourth, “Cawdor,” “Dear Judas,” and “The Loving Shepherdess”; each step part of a process toward reintegration.]

Anderson, Judith. Interview with Joanne Hodgen. Coasting [Carmel, CA] (1 Oct. 1986): 33+. [“He was one of the most beautiful people I have ever met—beautiful inside soulwise, heartwise, thoughtwise.”]

Beers, Terry. “Interpretive Schema and Literary Response.” University of Southern California dissertation, 1986. [Abstract in RJN 71 (Jan. 1988): 8.]

Boswell, Jeanetta. Robinson Jeffers and the Critics, 1912–1983: A Bibliography of Secondary Sources with Selective Annotations. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow P, 1986.

Brophy, Robert. “Robinson Jeffers and Krishnamurti.” RJN 67 (July 1986): 8–11.

Dickson, Marcia. “The Destructive Mother in Twentieth-Century American Drama.” SUNY, Stonybrook dissertation, 1986. [Abstract in RJN 77 (Jan. 1990): 9. Considers, first, destructive mothers (Gilligan, Treadwell, Howard, Hellman, Boles, T. Williams, O’Neill); second, mothers and infanticide (O’Neill’s “Desire,” Anderson’s “Wingless Victory,” RJ’s “Medea,” Albee’s “The American Dream,” Rabe’s “Sticks and Bones,” and Pielmeier’s “Agnes of God”); third, absurdist destructive mothers (Kopit’s “Dad, Poor Dad,” Futz and Durang’s “Baby with the Bath Water”).]

Flagg, Robert. “Jeffers at Tor House: Poet of the Pacific.” The Californians (July/Aug. 1986): 40–44.

Klein, Herbert A. “Klein-Jeffers Correspondence: 1930 & 1935.” RJN 67 (July 1986): 11– 12.

Klein, Mina Cooper. Jeffers Observed. Amador City, CA: Quintessence, 1986. [See RJN 61 (July 1982) for text.]

Lagayette, Pierre. “L’Engagement de Robinson Jeffers.” Revue Francaise D’Etudes Americaines 40 (May 1986): 251–62.

____. “Guardian of His Gifts: Una and Robinson Jeffers.” Civilizations [Paris] 12 (1986): 75–92.

Murphy, Patrick. “The Verse Novel: Dialogic Studies of a Modern Poetic Genre.” University of California, Davis dissertation, 1986. [Abstract in RJN 89 (Winter 1994): 5–6. Looks at the problems in defining the genres of modern long poems; chapter 3 studies RJ’s “Tamar,” “Roan Stallion,” and “The Women at Point Sur,” applying Bakhtin’s concept of “double-voiced discourse” with emphasis on the relationship of the voices of the author, narrator, and characters.]

Rampersad, Arnold. The Life of Langston Hughes. Vol. 1: 1902–41: I, Too, Sing America. New York: Oxford UP, 1986. Passim.

Scott, Robert I. “The Great Net: The World-as-God in Robinson Jeffers’s Poetry.” Humanist (Jan.–Feb. 1986): 24–29, 86.

____. “Robinson Jeffers.” Dictionary of National Biography. Detroit: Gale Research, 1986. 196–213.

Seubert, Eugene E. Robinson Jeffers: Poet for an Age of Violence. Amador City, CA: Quintessence, 1986. [Reprint.]

Winslow, Kathryn. Henry Miller: A Full Life. New York: Tarcher/St. Martin’s P, 1986. Passim. [Miller’s opinions on RJ.]
Wyatt, David. “Jeffers, Snyder, and the Ended World.” The Fall into Eden: Landscape and Imagination in California. New York: Cambridge UP, 1986. 174–205. [Reviewed in RJN 87 (Summer 1993): 7–8.]

Zeitlin, Jacob. “Mina Klein.” Jeffers Observed. Amador City, CA: Quintessence. 1986. 49–53.

Adcock, Betty. “Reading Jeffers.” American Poetry 5 (Fall 1987): 92–93.

Bartlett, Lee. William Everson: The Life of Brother Antoninus. New York: New Directions, 1988. 22–23, 28–29, 108–09, 191–92, 229–30. [RJ his spiritual father; Everson’s criticism, editing, and printing of RJ’s works.]

Beers, Terry. “Robinson Jeffers and the Canon.” American Poetry 5 (Fall 1987): 4–16.

Brophy, Robert. “The Drop-Off Cliff of the World: Robinson Jeffers and the Big Sur Coast.” The Californians 5.5 (Sept.–Oct. 1987): 48–50.

____. “Quintessential Jeffers.” Shine, Perishing Republic [portfolio]. San Francisco: James Linden, 1987.

____. “Robinson Jeffers.” Literary History of the American West. Eds. J. Golden Taylor, et al. Fort Worth: Texas Christian UP, 1987. 398–415.

____. “Robinson Jeffers in Centennial.” Robinson Jeffers, Poet, 1887–1987: A Centennial Exhibit. Los Angeles: Occidental College, 1987. 7–10.

____. “Robinson Jeffers ’05: Man and Poet.” Occidental 11 (Winter 1986–87): 14, 16, 37, 61.

____. “Robinson Jeffers ’05: A World Apart.” Occidental 11 (Winter 1986–87): 15, 17, 27, 37.
Carpenter, David. The Rages of Excess: The Life and Poetry of William Everson. Bristol, IN: Wyndham Hall P, 1987. [Some comment on RJ as related to Everson; excerpted in RJN 92 (Fall 1994): 13–15.]

Chappell, Fred. “Reading Jeffers.” American Poetry 5 (Fall 1987): 92.

Dinsmore, Nancy. “‘Shakespeare’s Grave’: An Explication.” RJN 69 (Apr. 1987): 15–17.

Dotson, John. The Enduring Voice: A Tor House Journal. San Luis Obispo, CA: Mariposa P, 1987.

Eaton, D. J. “Observations on Meeting Jeffers.” RJN 69 (Apr. 1987): 5–7.

Edwards, Paul A. “‘Putting on the Greeks’: Euripidean Tragedy and the Twentieth Century American Theater.” University of Colorado dissertation, Boulder, 1987. [Abstract in RJN 77 (Jan. 1990): 10. Three important productions: Chicago Little Theater’s “The Trojan Horse” (1915); RJ’s “Medea” (1947); and Performance Group of Dionysius’s “The Bacchae”; Greek myths increasingly transformed into new, modern myths.]

Everson, William. Introduction. Point Lobos [portfolio]. Oakland: Peter and the Wolf, 1987. N. pag.

____. “Letters on Jeffers.” American Poetry 5 (Fall 1987): 73–80.

____. “Robinson Jeffers: ‘The Women at Point Sur.’” American Poetry 1915–1945. Ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea House, 1987. 191–204. [From Fragments of an Older Fury, 1966.]

Falck, Colin. “Robinson Jeffers: American Romantic?” Robinson Jeffers: Selected Poems: The Centenary Edition. Manchester: Carcanet, 1987. 7–13. [Selected and edited by Falck.]

Gelpi, Albert. “Coda: Yvor Winters and Robinson Jeffers: The Janus-Face of Anti-Modernism.” A Coherent Splendor: The American Poetic Renaissance, 1910–1950. New York: Cambridge UP, 1987. 423–46.

Grayson, Richard. “Continent’s End: Cantata on Poems of Robinson Jeffers” [“Tor House,” “The Bloody Sire,” “Joy,” “Birds,” “Continent’s End”]. Premiere Performance, Occidental College, Saturday 16 May 1987, by Occidental College Glee Club and Occidental-Caltech Symphony Orchestra. [Program note by Richard Grayson, composer, page 2.]

Haines, John. “Reading Jeffers.” American Poetry 5 (Fall 1987): 88–90.

Harmsen, Tyrus. “Robinson Jeffers and His Printers.” Printing History 9.2 (1987): 13– 23.

____, ed. Robinson Jeffers, Poet, 1887–1987: A Centennial Exhibition. Los Angeles: Occidental College, 1987.

Haslam, Gerald. “Reading Jeffers.” American Poetry 5 (Fall 1987): 91.

Hass, Robert. Introduction. Rock and Hawk: A Selection of Shorter Poems by Robinson Jeffers. Ed. Robert Hass. New York: Random House, 1987. xv–xliii.

____. “Robinson Jeffers: The Poems and the Life.” American Poetry Review 16 (Nov.– Dec. 1987): 33–41.

Hesse, Eva. Afterword. Robinson Jeffers: Unterjochte Erde [Subjected Earth]. Munich: Piper, 1987. 105–45.

____. “Poetry as a Means of Discovery: A Critico-Theoretical Approach to Robinson Jeffers.” American Poetry 5 (Fall 1987): 17–34.

Hollander, John. “On Jeffers: An Interview.” American Poetry 5 (Fall 1987): 81–86.

Hunt, Tim. “Jeffers Studies 1987.” American Poetry 5 (Fall 1987): 94–96.

____. Preface. American Poetry 5 (Fall 1987): 2–3.

____. “Robinson Jeffers: ‘Home.’” American Poetry Review 16.6 (Nov.–Dec. 1987): 25.

Jeffers, Garth. Foreword. Where Shall I Take You To: The Love Letters of Una and Robinson Jeffers. Covelo, CA: Yolla Bolly P, 1987. xi–xiii.

Jeffers, Una and Robinson. Where Shall I Take You To: The Love Letters of Robinson and Una Jeffers. Ed. Robert Kafka. Covelo, CA: Yolla Bolly P, 1987.

Kafka, Robert. Editor’s note, captions, and intraletter commentary. Where Shall I Take You To: The Love Letters of Una and Robinson Jeffers. Covelo, CA: Yolla Bolly P, 1987.

____. “Unpublished Manuscripts in the Robinson Jeffers Collection at the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center.” Library Chronicle of the University of Texas at Austin 40 (1987): 25–45.

Karman, James. Robinson Jeffers: Poet of California. Literary West Series. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1987.

Kerman, Cynthia Earl, and Richard Eldridge. The Lives of Jean Toomer. Baton Rouge: Louisiana UP, 1987. Passim. [Biographical material on Toomer and RJ at Taos and Carmel.]
Lagayette, Pierre. “Mort et Creation Poetique Chez Robinson Jeffers: L’Example de ‘Tamar.’” Etudes Anglaises 40 (Oct.–Dec. 1987): 13–23.

____. “Robinson Jeffers: La Redecouverte.” Revue Francaise d’Etudes Americaines. 12 (July 1987): 437–46. [Responses from authors Cid Corman, Allen Ginsberg, Galway Kinnell, Denise Levertov, Czeslaw Milosz, Lawrence Clark Powell, Gary Snyder, Diane Wakoski, and Kenneth White regarding their current assessments of RJ.]

Lawrence, Floyd. “Jeffersiana: Meting Out Poetic Justice.” Occidental 11 (Winter 1986– 87): 5–6.

Marshall, Barth Carpenter. “The Jeffers Family: A Reminiscence.” RJN 69 (Apr. 1987): 17–19.

Morgan, Robert. “Reading Jeffers.” American Poetry 5 (Fall 1987): 90.

Murphy, Patrick D. “Reclaiming the Power: Robinson Jeffers’s Verse Novels.” Western American Literature 22 (Summer 1987): 125–48.

Nickerson, Edward A. “Freedom, Democracy, and Poetry: What Robinson Jeffers Really Said at the Library of Congress.” Library Chronicle of the University of Texas at Austin 40 (1987): 47–66.

Perkins, David. “Robinson Jeffers” under “Modes of Modern Style in the United States.” A History of Modern Poetry. Vol 2. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1987. 52–59.

Peters, Robert. “Reading Jeffers.” American Poetry 5 (Fall 1987): 91–92.

Quarlstrom, Lee. “Robinson Jeffers: Casting Light into His Own Darkness.” West Magazine, San Jose Mercury News 4 Jan. 1987: 24–27.

Ritter-Murray, Jean. A Tour of Tor House. Carmel: Tor House P, 1987. [Pamphlet.]

Schweizer, Harold. “Robinson Jeffers’s Excellent Action.” American Poetry 5 (Fall 1987): 35–58.

Stafford, William. “Reading Jeffers.” American Poetry 5 (Fall 1987): 87–88.

Temple, Sidney. “The Towering Poet of Carmel.” Carmel By The Sea: From Aborigines to the Coastal Commission. Monterey: Angel P, 1987. 124–36.

Turner, Decherd. “Robinson Jeffers at Texas.” Library Chronicles of the University of Texas at Austin 40 (1987): 21–23.

Van Wyck, William. Robinson Jeffers [reprint from Ritchie 1938 publication]. San Francisco: Book Club of California Keepsake, Dec. 1987.

Vardamis, Alex. “Robinson Jeffers: The Opinion of His Peers.” RJN 69 (Apr. 1987): 11–15.

Zaller, Robert. “Robinson Jeffers.” Agenda 24.4/25.1 (Winter/Spring 1987): 89–104.

____. “Robinson Jeffers: Literary Influences.” RJN 69 (Apr. 1987): 7–11.

Note:Several articles, usually poem explications, are cited here from Robinson Jeffers: Poetry and Response: A Centennial Tribute (Los Angeles: Occidental College, 1988). They appear here under the short title Poetry and Response. Another set of entries are from The Robinson Jeffers Newsletter: A Jubilee Gathering: 1962–1988 (Los Angeles: Occidental College, 1988). These are cited as from Jubilee Gathering.

Abbey, Edward. One Life at a Time, Please. New York: Henry Holt, 1988. [Extensive commentary on RJ, e.g., 71–73.]

____. “Poetic Justice.” Nation 246 (19 Mar. 1988): 362. [A letter to the editor. Reprinted in RJN 74 (Nov. 1988): 4. Also Jubilee Gathering, 222.]

Barkan, Phoebe. “The Jeffers Family as I Knew Them.” Jubilee Gathering. 126–31.

Bednárˆ, Kamil. “Robinson Jeffers in Czechoslovakia.” Jubilee Gathering. 9–10.

Bringhurst, Robert. “Peter and the Wolf Editions” [essay review on Point Lobos]. Fine Print (July 1988): 125–27.

Brophy, Robert. An Index to Robinson Jeffers’s Published Poems, Their First Appearances, and a Directory to Their Manuscripts. Los Angeles: Occidental College, 1988. [Supplement to RJN 73 (June 1988): 1–21.]

____. Introduction. Jubilee Gathering. ix–xv.

____. A Note and Introduction. Songs and Heroes. By Robinson Jeffers. Ed. Robert Brophy. Los Angeles: Arundel P, 1988. 3–4, 5.

____. “The Prose of Robinson Jeffers: An Annotated Checklist.” Jubilee Gathering. 55– 77.

____. “Robinson Jeffers.” Poetry and Response. 6–7.

____, ed. Robinson Jeffers Newsletter: A Jubilee Gathering: 1962–1988. Los Angeles: Occidental College, 1988.

____. “Topography and the Jeffers Narrative Scene.” Jubilee Gathering. 28–29. [In-cludes map.]

____. “The Tor House Library: Jeffers’s Books.” Jubilee Gathering. 16–22.

____. “‘Whom Shall I Write For?’: A Note.” Jubilee Gathering. 2.

Carpenter, David. “Gary Snyder’s Inhumanism, From Riprap to Axe Handles.” South Dakota Review 26 (1988): 110–38. [Snyder as contemporary spokesperson for RJ’s Inhumanism.]

Commins, Dorothy. “Poetry and Politics: Random House and The Double Axe.” RJN 72 (Mar. 1988): 10–19. [Wife of Random House editor reflects on Random House’s disclaimer and RJ.]

Coombs, Scott. “‘Fog’: Nirvana Rejected” [an explication]. Poetry and Response. 14.

____. “‘Hands’: A Formal Reciprocity” [an explication]. Poetry and Response. 22.

Dickie, Jean Kellogg. “Robinson Jeffers and the Quality of Things.” RJN 71 (Jan. 1988): 23–28.

Eaton, David. “Observations on Meeting Robinson Jeffers.” Northern New England Review 14 (1988): 28–30. [Reprint of memoir in RJN 69 (1987), augmented with notes.]

Everson, William. The Excesses of God: Robinson Jeffers as a Religious Figure. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1988.

Friede, Donald. “Robinson Jeffers’s Opera Libretto: ‘The Song of Triumph.’” RJN 73 (June 1988): 4–5.

Gioia, Dana. “Strong Counsel.” Nation 246 (Jan. 1988): 59–64. [Reprinted in RJN 73 (June 1988): 56–64. [Also Jubilee Gathering. 211–22; Can Poetry Matter?, 1992, 47– 60.]

Heuter, Jessica. “‘Boats in a Fog’: Beauty as Participation” [an explication]. Poetry and Response. 20.

____. “‘Shine, Perishing Republic’: A Patriot’s Lament” [an explication]. Poetry and Response. 26.
Hunt, Tim, ed. Editorial Note. The Collected Poetry of Robinson Jeffers. Vol. 1. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1988. ix–xv.

____. “The Interactive Voice of Jeffers’ ‘Hungerfield.’” Jubilee Gathering. 47–54.

____. “Robinson Jeffers.” American Poetry Review 16.6 (Nov.–Dec. 1987): 25–41. [Editorial note on RJ’s newfound narrative “Home”.]

____. “A Typescript Is a Typescript Is a Typescript (Or Is It?).” RJN 74 (Nov. 1988): 5–6.

____. “War in the Context of the Early Poems.” Tor House Newsletter (Aug. 1988): 10.

Huston, Paula. “The Beauty of Vultures: The Relevance of Robinson Jeffers’s Poetry in the Modern Age.” RJN 71 (Jan. 1988): 18–21.

Jeffers, Donnan. “Some Notes on the Building of Tor House.” Jubilee Gathering. 111–26.

Jeffers, Robinson. “Whom Should I Write For?” Jubilee Gathering. 1. [Poem on the second anniversary of Una’s death, a projection of her spirit into Gaia the earth, thence into the galaxy, the cosmos, and its ongoing renewals.]

Jeffers, Una. Jeffers at Work. Los Angeles: Tiger P, 1988.

____. “Letter on Robinson Jeffers’s Ghosts and Belief in Life-After-Death.” RJN 74 (Nov. 1988): 12–13.

____. “Una Jeffers Correspondent: Letters to Hazel Pinkham, 1912–20.” Jubilee Gathering. 153–94.

____. “Una Jeffers Correspondent: Letters to Rudolph Gilbert, 1937–1944.” RJN 73 (June 1988): 5–15.

Johnston, Allan James. “Reinventing the Metaphors: Toward an Ecological Aesthetics in the Writings of Robinson Jeffers, Kenneth Rexroth, and Gary Snyder. University of California, Davis dissertation, 1988. [Abstract in RJN 86 (Spring 1993): 5. Reflects on earlier cultural metaphors: the Book of Nature, the Mirror of Nature, and the Great Chain of Being, undercut by Darwin’s The Origin of Species, devaluing nature; but RJ adapts the Great Chain, inverting its classical terms, the inanimate becoming the ground of being and the intellectual and spiritual reduced to the insignificant.]

Kafka, Robert M. “A Note on Jeffers’s ‘The Remembrance.’” RJN 72 (Mar. 1988): 5–7.

____. “Robinson Jeffers’ Published Writings: 1903–1911.” Jubilee Gathering. 132–52.

Kartub, Douglas. “‘Divinely Superfluous Beauty’: Jeffers’s Love of Landscape” [an explication]. Poetry and Response. 12.

Klein, H. Arthur. “The Poet Who Spoke of It.” Jubilee Gathering. 3–8. [RJ and science.]

Lyon, Horace. “Jeffers as a Subject for Horace Lyon’s Camera.” Jubilee Gathering. 11–15.

McAllister, Mick. “Meaning and Paradox in Jeffers’ ‘Return.’” Jubilee Gathering. 41–46.

Maddux, Larry. “‘Still the Mind Smiles’: Vantage Points” [an explication]. Poetry and Response. 16.

Milne, W. S. “The Way of Narrative.” Agenda 26 (Autumn 1988): 57–61.

Milosz, Czeslaw. “To Robinson Jeffers” [poem contrasting their views]. Jubilee Gathering. 195–96.

Moskop, Susan. “‘The Thunder of the Wings’: The Sonnets of Robinson Jeffers.” University of Mississippi thesis, 1988. [Abstract in RJN 74 (Nov. 1988): 3. RJ wrote 37 sonnets, used them as a traditional form to emphasize difference between poetry and prose; over time one can see in them the more distinct changes and improvements in his verse; his progress made him go beyond the strict form; preoccupation with World War II precluded his further use of sonnets.]

Murphy, Patrick D. “Robinson Jeffers’s Influence on Ursula K. LeGuin.” RJN 72 (Mar. 1988): 20–23.

____. “Sex-Typing the Planet: Gaia Imagery and the Problem of Subverting Patriarchy.” Environmental Ethics 10 (1988): 155–68.
Nichols, Bryan. “Not Man Apart at Continent’s End.” RJN 74 (Nov. 1988): 27–31.

____. “‘To the House’: Ecologic Authenticity” [an explication]. Poetry and Response. 9.
Nickerson, Edward. “Jeffers Scholarly Materials: Library of Congress.” Jubilee Gathering. 36–40.

____. “An Unpublished Poem of Robinson Jeffers.” RJN 72 (Mar. 1988): 7–9. [The poem: “Red as I wouldn’t have you red: Una to Langston.”]

Powell, Lawrence Clark. “Delicieuse Ville, Melancolique et Douce; Dijon, 1930–32.” Jubilee Gathering. 197–203. [The place and years of Powell’s work on the first doctorate on RJ.]

Rea, Paul. “The Inhumanist.” Denver Quarterly 22.4 (Spring 1988): 113–16.

Ritchie, Ward. “Theodore Lilienthal, Robinson Jeffers and the Quercus Press.” Jubilee Gathering. 30–35.

Ritter-Murray, Jean. “Jeffers and War.” Tor House Newsletter (Aug. 1988): 7.

____. “Jeffers as Environmentalist.” Tor House Newsletter (Aug. 1988): 5.

Rodgers, Covington. “A Checklist of Robinson Jeffers’ Poetical Writings Since 1934.” Jubilee Gathering. 78–94.

Rorty, James , Mark Van Doren, and Richard Eberhardt.“Three Memoirs of Robinson Jeffers.” Jubilee Gathering. 23–27.

Salzman, Brian. “‘Continent’s End’: Cycle and Equinox” [an explication]. Poetry and Response. 11.

Scott, Robert I. “A Possible Source for ‘The Loving Shepherdess.’” RJN 73 (June 1988): 3–4.

____. “The Sincerest Flattery: George Sterling’s ‘Strange Waters’ as an Imitation of Jeffers’s ‘Tamar.’” RJN 74 (Nov. 1988): 19–27.

____. “What the Earth Watches: Jeffers on the Ultimate Irrelevance of War.” Tor House Newsletter (Aug. 1988): 11–12.

____. “Why Do We Need Jeffers’s Poems.” Tor House Newsletter (Aug. 1988): 1.
Sharon, Carol Booth. “Robinson Jeffers’s Rhetoric of Violence.” University of California, Berkeley dissertation, 1988. [Abstract in RJN 74 (Nov. 1988): 3; also RJN 86 (Spring 1993): 4–5. RJ’s attempt to accommodate the existence of violence as natural, dismissing Christian and Humanist stress on love, dignity, and perfectibility of humanity brings a tension critical to his reception; close textual scrutiny of seven poems.]

Shuff, Didi. “‘Evening Ebb’: An Ambience” [an explication]. Poetry and Response. 19.

____. “The Hanged God: Prophet of the Self-Tortured God from ‘At the Birth of an Age’” [an explication]. Poetry and Response. 25.

Simmons, Thomas. “Two Literary Lions’ Dens: To the Homes of Jeffers and London.” New York Times Travel Section 19 Feb. 1988: 14+.

Stevens, Scott B. “Robinson Jeffers: Recovering a Spiritual Legacy.” RJN 72 (Mar. 1988): 23–28.

Stuart, Gloria. Tor House Inscriptions. Los Angeles: Dawsons, 1988.

Vaughn, Eric. “‘Dear Judas’ Time and the Dramatic Structure of the Dream.” Jubilee Gathering. 95–110.

Vendler, Helen. “Huge Pits of Darkness, High Peaks of Light.” New Yorker (Dec. 1988): 91–98. [Reprinted in RJN 77 (Jan. 1990): 13–22.]

Willis, Stanley. “Passionate, Untamed, A Falcon: A Memoir [of Una Jeffers].” RJN 73 (June 1988): 16–17.

Zaller, Robert. “Robinson Jeffers.” Agenda 26.3 (Autumn 1988): 53–56.

____. “War as Cosmic Process.” Tor House Newsletter (Aug. 1988): 9.

Adams, Edward. “A Tower for Una and One for George (Yeats).” Tor House Newsletter (Summer 1989): 2–3.

Bartlett, Jeffrey. “Jeffers and California Today.” North Dakota Quarterly 57 (Spring 1989): 14–25.

Bringhurst, Robert. “Peter & the Wolf Editions.” RJN 76 (Oct. 1989): 10–15.

Brown, Elsworth. “Una Jeffers: A Note on Ancestry.” RJN 75 (Apr. 1989): 7–8. [From Portrait and Biographical Album (of Ingham County), Chapman Brothers, 1891.]

Cokinos, Christopher. “If We Can Be Saved: Robinson Jeffers Today and Tomorrow.” North Dakota Quarterly 57 (Spring 1989): 26–39.

Cross, Albert. “Tale of Two Houses.” Monterey Sunday Herald 8 Oct. 1989. [Conflict of homeowners versus aficionados on access to O’Neill’s Tao House (Danville, CA), and RJ’s Tor House.]

Haines, John. “Thoughts on Robinson Jeffers.” The Gettysburg Review 2.2 (Spring 1989): 356–62.

Harmsen, Tyrus. “Herb Klein: In Memoriam.” RJN 76 (Oct. 1989): 5.

Hunt, Tim. Editorial Note. The Collected Poetry of Robinson Jeffers. Ed. Tim Hunt. Vol. 2. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1989. xi–xv.

____. “To Date or Not to Date: Jeffers’s ‘Pearl Harbor.’” RJN 76 (Oct. 1989): 15–18.

____. “A Voice in Nature: Jeffers’s Tamar and Other Poems.” American Literature 61 (May 1989): 230–44.

Jarman, Mark. “Robinson, Frost, and Jeffers: The New Narrative Poetry.” Expansive Poetry: Essays on the New Narrative and Narrative Formalism. Ed. Frederick Feir-stein. Santa Cruz, CA: Story Line P, 1989. 85–99.

Jeffers, Garth. “Vignettes of My Father.” RJN 76 (Oct. 1989): 6–10.

____. “Una Jeffers Correspondent: Letters to Remsen Bird.” RJN 76 (Oct. 1989): 19–30.

Joyner, Emelyn G. “Medea for Soprano and Chamber Orchestra.” Memphis State University thesis, 1989. [Abstract in JS 3.2 (Spring 1999): 10–11. Original composition after RJ’s adaptation.]

Kohler, Sigrid. “Dies Weltanschauung des Robinson Jeffers in seinen Kurzgedichten.” University of Heidelberg thesis, 1989. [Abstract in RJN 76 (Oct. 1989): 5.]

Leo, John. A Guide to American Poetry Explication. Vol. 2: Modern and Contemporary. Boston: George Hall, 1992. 217–21. [Cites explications of thirty RJ poems.]

Lewis, Joel. “‘Oh, Lovely Rock’: The Recovery of the Poetry of Robinson Jeffers.” Literary Review 32.2 (Winter 1989): 181–92.

Murphy, Patrick. “Beyond Humanism: Mythic Fantasy and Inhumanist Philosophy in the Long Poems of Robinson Jeffers and Gary Snyder.” American Studies 30 (Spring 1989): 53–72.

Naiman, Sandra, and Jitka Hurych. “A Czech Poet in Carmel: Miroslav Holub.” RJN 75 (Apr. 1989): 9–10.

Powell, Lawrence Clark. “Give Your Heart to the Hawks: Robinson Jeffers.” California Classics: The Creative Literature of the Golden State. Santa Barbara, CA: Capra P, 1989. 208–19. B119–20. [Reprint of 1971 volume.]

Ritchie, Ward, ed. Book of Gaelic Airs for Una’s Melodeon. Los Angeles: Book Club of California, 1989. [Una’s music collection illustrated by RJ; see RJN 77: 2]

Shucard, Alan, Fred Moramarco, and William Sullivan. “The Visionary Company.” Modern American Poetry, 1865–1950. Boston: Twayne, 1989.

Strauss, Botho. “Jeffers Akt.” Fragmente der Undeutlichkeit. Munich/Vienna: Kreuger, 1989. 33–64.

Vardamis, Alex. “The Temptations of Despaire: Jeffers and The Faerie Queene.” RJN 75 (Apr. 1989): 11–13. [See also Spencer Studies 9 (1991): 255–57.]

Wall, Rosalind Sharpe. “The Robinson Jeffers Coast.” A Wild Coast and Lonely. San Carlos, CA: Wide World Publishing, 1989. 113–35.

Zaller, Robert. Introduction. The Tribute of His Peers: Elegies for Robinson Jeffers. Ed. Robert Zaller. Carmel, CA: Tor House P, 1989. xv–xxxiii. [Volume contains poem tributes by William Everson, Tim Reynolds, Robert Hass, Czeslaw Milosz, Alan William-son, James Tate, William Stafford, William Pitt Root, Tim Hunt, John Brugaletta, Adrienne Rich, Diane Wakoski, Peter Dale, Bill Hotchkiss, and Robert Zaller.]

____.“A Reply to Helen Vendler.” Tor House Newsletter (Spring 1989): 3.

____. “Tamar’s Oedipal Transcendence.” RJN 75 (Apr. 1989): 13–19.