1960 – 1969

Hesse, Eva. Vorwort. Robinson Jeffers Dramen: Die Quelle, Medea, die Frau aus Kreta. Reinbek Bei Hamburg: Rowohlt Verlag, 1960. 6–15. [Introductory remarks also inside front and back covers.]

Highet, Gilbert. “Jeffers: The Pessimist.” The Powers of Poetry. New York: Oxford UP, 1960. 129–34. B74. [Reprinted from Highet’s 1953 essay, which had the title “An American Poet.”]

Honig, Edwin. “American Poetry and the Rationalist Critic.” Virginia Quarterly Review 36 (Summer 1960): 416–27. [RJ, an anti-rationalist, was opposed to the humanism of Whitman and Stevens, yet would equally oppose the dehumanizers, modern rationalist industrialization and war.]

Howard, Leon. Literature and the American Tradition. New York: Doubleday, 1960. 271–74.

Lutyens, David. “Robinson Jeffers: The Inhumanist at Grips with the Dilemma of Values.” Creative Encounter. London: Secker and Warburg, 1960. 37–65. [Compares his Inhumanism with ideas of Yeats and Brecht; not a pessimist, he holds a realistic, tenable view of reality.]

Nyren, Dorothy, ed. “Robinson Jeffers.” A Library of Literary Criticism. New York: Ungar, 1960. 257–61. [Excerpts from critics on RJ’s canon, his Carmel narratives, and his Greek adaptations.]

Powell, Lawrence Clark. “Making of a Poet.” Books in My Baggage. Cleveland: World Publishing, 1960. 139–47. B119.

Reynolds, Tim. “The Stone-Mason.” Poetry 97 (Nov. 1960): 81–82. [Reprinted in Critic 20 (June-July): 16. A poem tribute.]

Rosenthal, M. L. “Rival Idioms: The Great Generation: Moore, Cummings, Sandburg, Jeffers.” The Modern Poets. New York: Oxford UP, 1960. 155–59. [New Critic sees didacticism; rejects hackneyed diction in weed patches; many bland profundities.]

Rutman, Anita, Lucy Clark, and Marjorie Carter. Robinson Jeffers: A Checklist of Printed & Manuscript Works of Robinson Jeffers in the Library of the University of Virginia. Charlottesville: U of Virginia P, 1960. [Meant to supplement Alberts, but now long since outdated.]

Shapiro, Karl, ed. American Poetry. New York: Thomas Crowell, 1960. 7. [RJ follows fads of Freud and Spengler with sexual and historical pessimism; nihilist vision.]

Thorp, Willard. American Writing in the Twentieth Century. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1960. 220–21. B145. [Nihilism, violence, parallels with Nietzsche; isolation from critics, schools.]

Wilder, A. N. “The Cross: Social Trauma or Redemption.” Symbolism in Religion and Literature. Ed. Rollo May. New York: Braziller, 1960. 99–117. B158.

Burtis, Mary Elizabeth, and Paul Spencer Wood. Recent American Literature. Paterson, NJ: Littlefield, Adams, 1961. 199–202. [Lyrically lovely, sonorous; best at descriptions.]

Goodman, Randolph. “Medea.” Drama On Stage. New York: Holt, 1961. [Chapters contain “Euripides: Introduction,” “The Production Record,” “Broadway Producer: An Interview with Robert Whitehead,” “Gielgud Rehearses Medea,” “The Scenery: An Interview with Ben Edwards,” “The Costumes: An Interview with Antonio del Castillo,” and “Televising Medea: An Interview with Wesley Kenney.”]

Gregory, Horace. “Poet Without Critics: A Note on Robinson Jeffers.” The Dying Gladiators and Other Essays. New York: Grove Press, 1961. 3–20. [From New World Writing 7 (Apr. 1955): 40–52.]

Harmsen, Tyrus G. “Jeffers Collection—Occidental College.” Book Club of California Quarterly News Letter 27 (Winter 1961): 3–9.

Jeffers, Robinson. “First Book.” My First Publication. San Francisco: Book Club of California, 1961. 89–92.

Middlebrook, Samuel. “A Free Warrior’s Opinions.” New York Times Book Review 19 Sept. 1961: 46.

Antoninus, Brother (William Everson). “A Tribute to Robinson Jeffers.” Critic 20 (June– July 1962): 14–15. B10.

Bukowski, Charles. “It Catches My Heart in Its Hands.” New and Selected Poems: 1955– 63. New Orleans: Loujon P, 1962. [Volume and title inspired by “Hellenistics.”]

Carpenter, Frederic I. Robinson Jeffers. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1962. [Outstanding introduction to RJ’s life and times, themes, philosophy, genres; offers selected annotated bibliography.]

Caughey, J. W. “Robinson Jeffers.” Pacific Historical Review 31 (Feb. 1962): 105–06.

Caughey, La Ree. “For Robinson Jeffers, 1887–1962.” Literary Frontier 13 (Mar. 1962): 17.

Czermak, Herbeth. “Robinson Jeffers: A Brief Survey of His Work in Subsequent Defense.” Die Moderne Sprachen 6 (Oct. 1962): 22–27.

Herzberg, Max, and staff. “Robinson Jeffers.” Readers Encyclopedia of American Literature. New York: Thomas Crowell, 1962. 539–40. [Also separate articles on five RJ volumes.]

Hogan, William. “Robinson Jeffers’s Vision of Doom.” San Francisco Chronicle 24 Jan. 1962: 31.

Jeffers, Robinson. Comment on “To the Stone-Cutters.” Poet’s Choice. Eds. Paul Engle and Joseph Langland. New York: Dell, 1962. 10. [Grass and human passions are the material for poetry which the poet must speak across the gap of a thousand years.]

Jorgensen, Virginia. “Hearing the Night Herons: A Lesson on Jeffers’s ‘Hurt Hawks.’” English Journal 51 (Sept. 1962): 440–42. B86.

Levy, William Turner. “Soundings.” Churchman [St. Petersburg, FL] (Mar. 1962): 12.

____. “Speaking of Books.” New York Times Book Review 3 June 1962: 2.
Lilienthal, Theodore, ed. Ave, Vale, Robinson Jeffers. San Francisco: Grabhorn P, 1962. [Gathering of tributes from friends.]

____. “In Memoriam—Robinson Jeffers, 1887–1962.” Book Club of California Quarterly News Letter 27 (Spring 1962): 42.

____. “The Robinson Jeffers Committee.” Book Club of California Quarterly News Letter 28 (Fall 1962): 81–82.

Littlejohn, David. “Cassandra Grown Tired.” Commonweal 79 (7 Dec. 1962): 276–78.

“Rare Moment of Peace for Robinson Jeffers.” Life 52 (2 Feb. 1962): 38. [Features Leigh Wiener photos of RJ and grandchildren and of RJ meditating.]

Stiehl, Harry. “Achievement in American Catholic Poetry.” Ramparts 1 (Nov. 1962): 26– 38.

Van Doren, Mark. “Robinson Jeffers, 1887–1962.” Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Letters Annual Meeting of the Academy (5 Dec. 1962): 293–97.

Waters, Edward. “Music.” Library of Congress Quarterly Journal of Current Acquisitions 20 (Dec. 1962): 62–63.

Weales, G. C. “Poets and Novelists on the Stage.” American Drama Since World War II. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1962. 182–202. B155.

Weston, Edward, and Brett Weston. “A Robinson Jeffers Memorial” [photographs]. Ramparts 1 (Sept. 1962): 65–72.

Winters, Yvor. “Robinson Jeffers.” Literary Opinion in America. Vol. 2. Ed. Morton D. Zabel. 3rd ed. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1962. 439–43.

Angoff, Charles. “Three Towering Figures: Reflections Upon the Passing of Robert Frost, Robinson Jeffers, William Carlos Williams.” Literary Review 6 (Summer 1963): 423– 29. B10.

Antoninus, Brother (William Everson). Review of The Beginning and the End. Ramparts 2 (Christmas 1963): 95–96.

Bennett, Melba B. “Errors in The Beginning and the End.” RJN 3 (Dec. 1963): 3.

Bewley, Marius. “New Poems.” Partisan Review 30 (Spring 1963): 140–42.

Brown, John Mason. “Judith Anderson’s Medea.” Dramatis Personae. New York: Viking, 1963. 208–13. B31.

Deutsch, Babette. “A Look at the Worst.” Poetry in Our Time. 2nd ed. Garden City: Doubleday, 1963. 1–29.

Dudek, Louis. “Art, Entertainment and Religion.” Queens Quarterly 70 (Autumn 1963): 413–30.

“Homesick for Death.” Time 82 (3 May 1963): 114.

Jarrell, Randall. “Fifty Years of American Poetry.” Prairie Schooner 37 (Spring 1963): 1– 27.

Kiel, Fred O. “Robinson Jeffers’s Prescription for Man.” Ferment [Chapel Hill, NC] 3 (July–Sept. 1963): 8–18.

Lane, Lauriat, Jr. “The Greatness of Robinson Jeffers.” Fiddlehead 58 (Fall 1963): 67– 68.

Langford, Roberta. “The Influence of Science on the Poetry of Robinson Jeffers.” Duke University thesis, 1963. [Noted in RJN 25 (Feb. 1970):4.]

Levy, William Turner. “The Theme Is Always Man.” New York Times Book Review 5 May 1963: 5.

Lilienthal, Theodore. “The Robinson Jeffers Committee.” Book Club of California Quarterly News Letter 28 (Fall 1963): 81.

Milosz, Czeslaw. “Robinson Jeffers.” Kult 192 (Oct. 1963): 21–24.

Morse, Samuel French. “Two Masters.” Virginia Quarterly Review 39 (Summer 1963): 510–13. [The Beginning and the End poems remarkable; RJ’s integrity, conviction, eloquence, and fierce imagination stand out.]

Powell, Lawrence Clark. “Robinson Jeffers, ’05.” Impromptu. [Los Angeles]: Occidental College, 1963. 41–43.

Roloff, Leland, scriptwriter, and Dave Bell, director. Son of the Sad Fall. Los Angeles: KNBC “College Report,” 1963. [30-min. film.]

Scott, Winfield Townley. “Listening for the Different Voice.” Saturday Review 46 (26 Oct. 1963): 10. [RJ’s prophecies attain new relevance; his neglect a major scandal.]

____. “The Undeserved Neglect.” New York Herald Tribune Books 16 June 1963: 10. [Dignity, honor, beauty, stern power; compared with Yeats; poems of strong old man.]
Smith, William Jay. “Titanic Stance.” Harper’s Magazine 227 (Sept. 1963): 112. [None equaled him in the natural scene; some poems marred by shrillness and self-pity.]

Spender, Stephen. “Rugged Poetry Imbued with the Spirit of the Hawk.” Chicago Sunday Tribune Magazine of Books 12 May 1963: 3. [Disagrees with philosophy; praises technical and intellectual resources and ability to incorporate science into poetry; last poems very moving.]

Squires, Radcliffe. The Loyalties of Robinson Jeffers. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 1963. [Paperback edition.]

Steuben Glass. “Birds and Fishes.” Poetry in Crystal. New York: Spiral Press, 1963. 40– 41. [Volume of 31 poems by modern American poets translated into crystal. Design by Donald Pollard and interpretation by Robert Vickery.]

White, William. “Robinson Jeffers’s Space.” Personalist 44 (Apr. 1963): 175–79. [RJ soars into space; his cosmic view at odds with Whitman’s.]

Winter, Ella. And Not to Yield: An Autobiography. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1963. 129–32.

Antoninus, Brother (William Everson). The Poet Is Dead. San Francisco: Auerhahn P, 1964. [Famous elegy for RJ by fellow California poet; 250 copies printed.]

Bennett, Joseph. “The Moving Finger Writes.” Hudson Review 16 (Winter 1963–64): 624–33. [“animal vigor . . . a bloody barbarian who can sing”]

Brophy, Robert. Letter to Melba Bennett describing RJ manuscript holdings of the Yale Beinecke Library and the Brooklyn Public Library. RJN 4 (Feb. 1964): 3.

Clapp, Frederick Mortimer. “Figures in a Coast-Range Dance of Death (For R.J.).” RJN 7 (June 1964): 2. [Poem reprinted from Said before Sunset. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1938. 54.]

Clough, Wilson. The Necessary Earth: Nature and Solitude in American Literature. Austin: U of Texas P, 1964. 192–97.

Cox, Mary Margaret. “The Role of Women in the Narrative Poetry of Robinson Jeffers.” University of North Carolina thesis, 1964.

Dickey, James. “First and Last Things.” Poetry 103 (Feb. 1964): 320–21. B49. [Reprinted in Babel to Byzantium. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1968. 187–89.]

Flanner, Hildegarde. “Two Poets: Jeffers and Millay.” After the Genteel Tradition: American Writers 1910–1930. Ed. Malcolm Cowley. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1964. 124–33. [Reprinted from New Republic 89 (27 Jan. 1937): 379–82.]

Gross, Harvey. Sound and Form in Modern Poetry: A Study in Prosody from Thomas Hardy to Robert Lowell. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 1964. 88. B69. [“Shine, Perishing Republic” shows Whitman’s method in incompetent hands; RJ distorts art.]

Gustafson, Richard. “The Other Side of Robinson Jeffers.” Iowa English Yearbook 9 (Fall 1964): 75–80. B69.

Morse, Samuel French. “Poetry 1963.” Wisconsin Studies in Contemporary Literature 5 (Autumn 1964): 237–49. [The Beginning and the End: RJ’s brooding pessimism more compassionate than arrogant complaints against him.]

Powell, Lawrence Clark. The Little Package. Cleveland: World Publishing, 1964. 133, 136, 264, 302.

____. “The Lure of California.” Book Club of California Quarterly News Letter 29 (Fall 1964): 75–78.

Quasimodo, Salvatore. “Medea.” The Poet and the Politician and Other Essays. Carbondale: Southern Illinois P, 1964. 159–60.

Ramsey, Warren. “The Oresteia Since Hofmannsthal: Images and Emphasis.” Revue de Litterature Comparee 38 (July–Sept. 1964): 359–75. B121.

Reeve, Nancy. “Robinson Jeffers: Three Poems of Humanity.” Sacramento State College thesis, 1964. [Abstract in RJN 25 (Feb. 1970): 8.]

Schevill, James. “Eliot, Jeffers—Other Poets.” San Francisco Chronicle: This World 8 Mar. 1964: 29. [Two many flat statements; didactic; the public needs reissue of RJ’s narratives.]

Scott, Robert Ian. “Robinson Jeffers’s Poetic Use of Post-Copernican Science.” SUNY, Buffalo dissertation, 1964. B130–31. [Abstract in RJN 24 (Sept. 1969): 7. He faults Winters’s and Waggoner’s put-downs of RJ’s science; analyzes post-Copernican poems that reflect astronomy, evolution, and nuclear and entropic systems made over into similes and metaphors.]

Scriba, Jay. “View from the Eagle’s Nest.” Milwaukee Journal 7 May 1964: sec. 1: 22.

Squires, James Radcliffe. Letter recommending the creation of RJ critical quarterly. RJN 6 (May 1964): 1.

Strickhausen, Harry. “Recent Criticism.” Poetry 104 (July 1964): 264–65.

Swallow, Alan. “Poetry of the West.” South Dakota Review 2 (Autumn 1964): 77–87.

Wells, Henry W. The American Way of Poetry. New York: Russell and Russell, 1964. B156. [Chapter on RJ, “Grander Canyons: Jeffers” reprinted from same book title, Columbia UP, 1943. 148–60.]

Note: 1965 brought a beautiful “coffee table” book made up of photos by leading California artists juxtaposed with the poetry of Jeffers (as noted in the second entry below). Listings of essays within the volume appear under the short title Not Man Apart.

Allen, Gay Wilson, Walter Rideout, and James K. Robinson, eds. American Poetry. New York: Harper and Row, 1965. 791.

Brower, David, ed. Preface. Not Man Apart: Lines from Robinson Jeffers, Photographs of the Big Sur Coast. San Francisco: Sierra Club, 1965. 25–26. [Reviewed in RJN 25 (Feb. 1970): 3–4.]

Carpenter, Frederic I. “Robinson Jeffers and Humanity—Some Anecdotes.” RJN 10 (Apr. 1965): 2.

Champlin, Charles. “Judith Anderson’s ‘Medea’: New Dimension in Theater.” Los Angeles Times 14 Oct. 1965: sec. 5: 19.

____. “Nothing Like a Dame Judith.” Los Angeles Times 10 Oct. 1965: 19–20. [Valley Music Theater’s production of Medea.]

Coffin, Arthur. “Ideological Patterns in the Work of Robinson Jeffers.” University of Wisconsin dissertation, 1965. [Abstract in RJN 24 (Sept. 1969): 6. [Discusses scholarship on RJ, concept of poet; divides work into 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s; considers influence of Schoepenhauer, Nietzsche, Spengler, and Lucretius.]

Donoghue, Denis. Connoisseurs of Chaos. New York: Macmillan, 1965. 14. [Influence of Poe.]

Eiseley, Loren. Foreword. Not Man Apart. 23–24. [Appears as “An Appreciation of Jeffers.” Sierra Club Bulletin (Dec. 1965): 58–60.]

Hart, James D. “Robinson Jeffers.” Oxford Companion to American Literature. 4th ed. New York: Oxford UP, 1965. 322–23. [Entries also cover nine individual poems.]

Jeffers, Robinson. “Sur Country.” Not Man Apart. 30. [First appearance of part of RJ’s preface to Horace Lyon’s Jeffers Country: The Seed Plots of Robinson Jeffers’ Poetry, Scrimshaw P, 1971.]

____. “The Tower Beyond Tragedy.” American Playwrights on Drama. Ed. Horst Frenz. New York: Hill and Wang, 1965. 94–97. B61. [Reprint of article in New York Times 26 Nov. 1950: sec. 11: 1.]

Kirsch, Robert R. “Volume Speaks Eloquently of Poet Robinson Jeffers.” Los Angeles Times 8 Oct. 1965: sec. 5: 4. [Review of Selected Poems.]

Klein, H. Arthur. “The Poet Who Spoke of It.” RJN 11 (Aug. 1965): 2–6. [RJ’s use of science, especially astronomy.]

Miller, Jim. “Jeffers: Oxy’s Alienated Alum.” Occidental (5 Nov. 1965): 6. [RJ’s relation to his Alma Mater, Occidental College, Los Angeles.]

Miura, Tokohiro. “Ideas and Symbols in ‘Give Your Heart to the Hawks.’” Studies in English Literature 8 (1965): 109–28. [Abstract in RJN 31 (May 1972): 2.]

Owings, Margaret Wentworth. Introduction. Not Man Apart. 28–29.

Ridgeway, Ann N. “The Letters of Robinson Jeffers—A Progress Report.” RJN 12 (Nov. 1965): 2–5.

Stuhlmann, Gunther, ed. Henry Miller Letters to Anaïs Nin. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1965. [Many references to RJ.]

Untermeyer, Louis. Bygones: The Recollections of Louis Untermeyer. New York: Harcourt, 1965. 238. [Reports the Pulitzer Prize committee’s repeated refusal of the award to RJ because they found his work anti-Christian, anti-American, and anti-human.]

Welland, Dennis. “The Dark Voice of the Sea.” American Poetry. Ed. Irvin Ehrenpreis. New York: St. Martin’s P, 1965. 197–219. [Various authors; RJ uses sea for disdain of human; the ocean reflects the vision of a hostile and desolate universe.]

White, William. “Robinson Jeffers: Poet of Black Despair.” English Language and Literature [Seoul, Korea] 17 (Nov. 1965): 91–101.

Note: Melba Bennett, Jeffers’s friend and biographer, collected fragmentary notes by him that are valuable clarifications; some of these she included in her Stone Mason of Tor House; a few are gathered here under Jeffers.

Alberts, S. S. A Bibliography of the Works of Robinson Jeffers. Rye, NY: Cultural History Research, 1966. [1933 edition reissued.]

Bednárˆ, Kamil. “Robinson Jeffers in Czechoslovakia.” RJN 13 (Feb. 1966): 2–3.

Bennett, Melba Berry. Stone Mason of Tor House: The Life and Work of Robinson Jeffers. [Pasadena, CA]: Ward Ritchie P, 1966. [Uncritical and incomplete biography; Una dominates; later chapters depend on long quotations of letters and essays; inexact truncated footnotes are exasperating; a labor of love by a friend.]

Brophy, Robert. “Structure, Symbol, and Myth in Selected Narratives of Robinson Jeffers.” University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill dissertation, 1966. [Abstract in RJN 24 (Sept. 1969): 5. Examines five narratives and two dramatic works of RJ for the structures of ritual, the archetypes of scapegoat, Attis wound, stigmata and crucifixion, mountain top as axis mundi, cosmogonic figures, apocalyptic imagery of quake, deluge, whirlwind, and holocaust—as found in “Tamar,” “Roan Stallion,” “Cawdor,” “The Tower Beyond Tragedy,” and “At the Birth of an Age,” concluding with a close reading of RJ’s ars poetica, “Apology for Bad Dreams.”]

____. “A Textual Note on Robinson Jeffers’s The Beginning and the End.” Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America 60 (July–Sept. 1966): 344–48.

Carpenter, Frederic I. “Robinson Jeffers and the Torches of Violence.” The Twenties: Poetry and Prose: 20 Critical Essays. Eds. Richard Langford and William E. Taylor. Deland, FL: Everett/Edwards, 1966. 14–17. B37. [RJ writes prophecy not tragedy; violence meant to illuminate; his literary revolt foreshadowed the atomic age.]

Cerwin, Herbert. In Search of Something. Los Angeles: Sherbourne P, 1966. Passim. [A newspaper and advertising man’s recollections of social life in Carmel and the Jefferses’ sometimes involvement; includes famous 1940s Salvador Dali costume party.]

Chatfield, Hale. “Robinson Jeffers: His Philosophy and His Major Themes.” Laurel Review 6 (Fall 1966): 56–71. B39.

Fairbanks, Jonathon. “The Impact of the Wild on H. D. Thoreau, Jack London, and Robinson Jeffers.” University of Otago, New Zealand dissertation, 1966. [Abstract in RJN 24 (Sept. 1969): 2.]

Hesse, Eva. Letter on RJ’s verse, whether free verse or other. RJN 14 (June 1966): 1–2.

Jeffers, Robinson. Comment on “At the Birth of an Age.” Stone Mason. 157. [Phallic serpent repulsive and beautiful, lynx is Gudrun’s body and sex.]

____. Comment on “Thurso’s Landing” and on “Margrave.” Stone Mason. 149–50. [Three ways of courage portrayed in “Thurso’s Landing.”]

____. Comment on “The Women At Point Sur.” Stone Mason. 116–18.

____. Definition of poetry in note to Graham Bickley in 1932. Stone Mason. 151–52.

____. Note on hawk as symbol as in “Hurt Hawks.” Stone Mason. 154.

____. Note on World War II. Stone Mason. 85–86. [This war as lucky for U.S. leaders, itself hate-purging, commercial, and sentimental.]

____. Unused preface for Tamar. Stone Mason. 106–08. [Also in Selected Letters, 45n.]

Klein, H. Arthur. “A Note on Jeffers and Modern Science.” RJN 14 (June 1966): 2–3.

Lyon, Horace. “The Little People of the Santa Lucias.” Words, Words, Words: Supplement of The Echos [Carmel Valley Manor] (2 May 1966): 1–4. [Recalls presence of earth spirits when photographing Jeffers Country.]

Miura, Tokuhiro. “Robinson Jeffers’s Quest in The Double Axe.” Studies in English Literature [Hosei University] 9 (1966): 85–129.

Nolte, William H. “Jeffers’s ‘Fog’ and the Gulls in It.” RJN 16 (Dec. 1966): 2–5. B113.
____. “Robinson Jeffers as Didactic Poet.” Virginia Quarterly Review 42 (Spring 1966): 257–71. B112.

Ridgeway, Ann. “The Letters of Robinson Jeffers: A Record of Four Friendships: Correspondence with George Sterling, Albert Bender, Benjamin De Casseres, Mark Van Doren.” Bowling Green State University dissertation, 1966. B122. [Abstract in RJN 24 (Sept. 1969): 7. RJ’s format, style, tone, content—as revealing a kind, gentle, concerned, aware, respectful, affectionate person; some revelations on prosody, themes (incest), sense of tragedy.]

Sanderson, James, and Irwin Gopnik. Phaedra and Hippolytus: Myth and Dramatic Form. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1966.

Shields, Jerry A. “Robinson Jeffers and His Savior-Inhumanist Dilemma.” Duke University thesis, 1966.

Spiese, Richard. “Robinson Jeffers’s Aesthetic Theory and Practice.” University of New Mexico dissertation, 1966. [Abstract in RJN 24 (Sept. 1969): 7. RJ’s distrust of art, preoccupation with beauty, emphasis on statement, long line; intent to reclaim for poetry; his weakness in over-intellectualizing, heavy symbol use, unbelievable characters, and unlikely action.]

Walker, Franklin. The Seacoast of Bohemia: An Account of Early Carmel. San Francisco: Book Club of California, 1966. 127–29. [Background to the artists of the colony and their life of poetry.]

Weisstein, Judith. “The Greek Plays of Robinson Jeffers.” Indiana University thesis, 1966. [Abstract in RJN 25 (Feb. 1970): 8.]

Weston, Edward. The Daybooks of Edward Weston. Vol. 2: California. Ed. Nancy Newhall. Rochester, NY: Horizon Press and Eastman House, 1966. Passim.

White, William. “Robinson Jeffers: A Checklist, 1959–1965.” Serif 3.2 (1966), 36–39.

Adams, John H., “The Poetry of Robinson Jeffers: A Reinterpretation and Reevaluation.” University of Denver dissertation, 1967. [Abstract in RJN 24 (Sept. 1969): 5. RJ’s contradictory tensions; RJ’s prosody (updating Klein): 5 and 10 stress lines; descriptive power, dramatic and lyric gifts; narrative power in the ironies and tragedies of existence.]

Adelman, Irving, and Rita Dworkin. Modern Drama—A Checklist of Critical Literature. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow P, 1967. 172–73.

Bennett, Melba, and Tyrus Harmsen. “Translations of Jeffers.” RJN 19 (Nov. 1967): 2–4.

Benton, Johnny. “An Interpretative Analysis of Robinson Jeffers’s ‘The Women at Point Sur.’” University of Oklahoma dissertation, 1967. [Abstract in RJN 24 (Sept. 1969): 5. “The Tower Beyond Tragedy” an example of “Sublime” tradition of Longinus, Gothic, and Grand Style; the “I” voice especially in “Prelude” is the voice of RJ’s God; RJ as a truth-and god-seeker; oracular.]

Brett, Dorothy. “Autobiography: My Long and Beautiful Journey.” South Dakota Review 5.2 (Summer 1967): 11–71. [Very inaccurate in her memories of the Jefferses.]

Brophy, Robert. Robinson Jeffers: A Checklist. San Francisco: Gleeson Library Associates, 1967.

____. “Robinson Jeffers’ ‘Dear Judas.’” [Playbill for 14 March 1967 performance at University of San Francisco: notes on “Point of View,” “The Noh Play,” and “Robinson Jeffers on ‘Dear Judas,’” enacted by the cast of the Labyrinth Theater Club.]

Coleman, Caryl. “Rhapsody and Requiem.” San Francisco: KPIX TV, 1967. [Documentary film.]

French, Warren, ed. The Thirties: Fiction, Poetry, Drama. Deland, FL: Everett/Ed-wards, 1967. 119. [RJ continues to write haunting poems, but his reputation has not grown.]

Hahn, Emily. Romantic Rebels: An Informal History of Bohemianism in America. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1967. 220–21.

Koehring, Laus. “Die Formen Des ‘Long Poem’ in der Modernen Americkanischen Literature.” Carl Winter Universitatsverlag, Heidelberg thesis. 1967. 192–200. [Compares “Tamar” with E. A. Robinson’s Merlin for confronting modern problems.]

Lyon, Horace. “Jeffers as a Subject for Horace Lyon’s Camera.” RJN 18 (June 1967): 2–5.

Miura, Tokohiro. “A Vision of Robinson Jeffers’s ‘Tamar.’” Kiyo 11 (Apr. 1967): 115–29. [Abstract in RJN 31 (May 1972): 3.]

Rivers, James. “Astronomy and Physics in British and American Poetry, 1920–1960.” University of South Carolina dissertation, 1967. B123. [Abstract in RJN 24 (Sept. 1969): 2.]

Rorty, James. “The Ecology of Robinson Jeffers.” Book Club of California Quarterly News Letter 32 (Spring 1967): 32–36.

Saltzman, Jack, ed. Years of Protest: A Collection of American Writings of the 1930s. New York: Pegasus, 1967. 377, 387–88.

Stevenson, Elizabeth. Babbitts and Bohemians: The American 1920s. New York: Macmillan, 1967. 168.

Vaughn, Eric. “A Singular California Poet—His Star Rising Again.” Daily Californian [UC Berkeley] 14 Feb. 1967: 9–10.

Weedin, Everett. “Robinson Jeffers: The Achievement of His Narrative Verse.” Cornell University dissertation, 1967. [Abstract in RJN 24 (Sept. 1969): 8. RJ as realist in “Give Your Heart to the Hawks”, tragedian in “The Tower Beyond Tragedy,” epic writer in “At the Birth of an Age,” myth-poet in “Roan Stallion,” then mixing them all; critics err in judging by genres to which RJ’s poems do not belong and thus faulting him.]

White, William. “Robinson Jeffers’s The Beginning and the End: Another Error.” Papers of the Bibliographical Association of America 61 (Second Quarter 1967): 126.

Abbey, Edward. Desert Solitaire: A Season in the Wilderness. New York: McGraw Hill, 1968. Passim.

Alberts, S. S. A Bibliography of the Works of Robinson Jeffers. New York: Burt Franklin, 1968. [Originally published in 1933, immeasurably enriching RJ scholarship.]

Antoninus, Brother (William Everson). Robinson Jeffers: Fragments of an Older Fury. Berkeley: Oyez, 1968. [Reviewed in RJN 23 (Apr. 1969): 3–4. Jungian interpretation; close reading; NB from 1969 Antoninus becomes William Everson.]

Dickey, James. “Robinson Jeffers.” Babel to Byzantium: Poets and Poetry Now. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1968. 187–89. [Reprinted from “First and Last Things.” Poetry 103 (Feb. 1964): 316–24. Flawed but cast in a large mold; fills necessary place; vision, surprises, good poetry; events of atomic age come to resemble his poems.]

Drew, Fraser B. “Carmel and Cushendun: The Irish Influence on Robinson Jeffers.” Eire-Ireland 3 (Summer 1968): 72–82. B51. [Abstract in RJN 31 (May 1972): 3.]

Gilbert, James B. Writers and Partisans. New York: Wiley, 1968. 169.

Hart, James D. “Robinson Jeffers: A Poet’s Poet.” Book Club of California Quarterly News Letter 33 (Spring 1968): 36–38.

Jeffers, Robinson. “First Book.” Breaking into Print. Ed. Elmer Adler. Freeport, NY: Books for Libraries, 1968. 87–90. [Reprinted from Colophon (May 1932): 1–8. Book originally published by Simon & Schuster, 1937.]

Macsey, R. A. “The Old Poets.” Johns Hopkins Magazine 19 (1968): 42–48.

Meyers, David. Give Your Heart to the Hawks. San Francisco: San Francisco State College/NET, 1968. [Documentary film.]

Norma, Sister Mary. “The Many Faces of Medea.” Classical Bulletin 45 (Dec. 1968): 17– 20. B102.

Powell, Lawrence Clark. “California Classics Reread: Give Your Heart to the Hawks.” Westways 60 (Nov. 1968): 18–21, 58. [Reprinted in Powell, California Classics, 1989.]

____. Fortune and Friendship: An Autobiography. New York: Bowker, 1968. 15, 27, 28, 30, 32–34, 41–43, 50, 59, 79, 163.

____. “Speaking of Books.” New York Times Book Review 6 Oct. 1968: 2+.

Power, Sister Mary James. “Robinson Jeffers Takes God to Task.” Poets at Prayer. Freeport, NY: Books for Libraries, 1968. 59–68. [Reprint of 1936 volume. Sectarian critical view; title inaccurate; sees RJ’s characterization of God as a protest instead of acceptance. Collects fourteen modern American and British poets; asks their “religious attitudes”; reflects a Catholic scholarship that is far outdated; the poets are judged against Catholic dogma; half are now unidentifiable; RJ is judged pantheist and deist (merely from his determinism and Inhumanism); RJ’s letter outstanding in the group.]

Ridgeway, Ann N., ed. The Selected Letters of Robinson Jeffers, 1897–1962. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins P, 1968. [Reviewed in RJN 23 (Apr. 1969): 3. Invaluable collection of RJ letters, which are many and reveal facts and facets of RJ’s thought and personality.]

Steuding, Robert F. “Intensification of Meaning in ‘Shine, Perishing Republic’: A Linguistic Analysis.” RJN 21 (Apr. 1968): 2–4.

Waggoner, Hyatt H. “Melodies of Chaos.” American Poets: From the Puritans to the Present. Rev. ed. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State U, 1968. 469–77. B152–53. [Compares RJ and Emerson; sees not as memorable as Eliot; not musical like Pound and Stevens.]

White, William. “Some Notes on Jeffers.” RJN 20 (Jan. 1968): 2–3. [Lists errors in Robinson Jeffers: Selected Poems, 1963.]

Barachi, Jack. “The Sexual Imagery in Robinson Jeffers’s Narrative Poetry.” New York University dissertation, 1969. B12. [Abstract in RJN 29 (Aug. 1971): 2. RJ’s uniqueness not in ideas but psychological ramifications, in suffering that comes from erotic desire; characters relate to each other sexually; examines imagery of “The Tower Beyond Tragedy,” “Dear Judas,” and “Roan Stallion”; hawks represent non-sexual potency; Inhumanism is reaction against sexuality or sublimation of it, possibly the behavior of sons wanting to be seduced by their mothers but, too threatening, transferred to substitute mother—nature, death, darkness; RJ is an autobiographical writer.]

Bednárˆ, Kamil. The Life in Letters of Robinson Jeffers [A radio broadcast (14 December 1969) excerpting from Bednárˆ’s selection and translation of RJ’s letters from Ann Ridgeway, Selected Letters; reported in RJN 25 (Feb. 1970) : 1.]

Bennett, Melba. Robinson Jeffers and the Sea. Folcroft, PA: Folcroft P, 1969. [Reprint of Gelber, Lilienthal printing, 1936. Some biography and psychologizing; lists all of RJ’s references to the sea.]

Boyers, Robert. “A Sovereign Voice: The Poetry of Robinson Jeffers.” Sewanee Review 77 (Summer 1969): 487–507. B19.

Brophy, Robert. “From the [new RJN] Editor.” RJN 23 (Apr. 1969): 2.

____. “Jeffers Research: Dissertations: A Summary and Reflection.” RJN 24 (Sept. 1969): 4–9. [Note that the dissertations, all after 1950, are here entered at the year they were accepted.]

____. “A Reflection” [on wide opportunities in RJ scholarship and dissertation choice]. RJN 24 (Sept. 1969): 9.

____. “The Tor House Library: Jeffers’s Books.” RJN 23 (Apr. 1969): 4–11.

Bush, George, and Jeannie Welcher. “A Checklist of Modern Plays Based on Classical Mythic Themes.” Bulletin of the New York Public Library 73 (Oct. 1969): 525–30.

Coffin, Arthur. “Robinson Jeffers.” Encyclopedia of World Literature in the 20th Century. Vol. 2. New York: Ungar, 1969. 177–78.

Dickinson, Hugh. “Robinson Jeffers: The Twilight of Man.” Myth on the Modern Stage. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1969. 113–45. B49. [ Reviewed in RJN 29 (Aug. 1971): 3.]

Gilbert, Rudolph. Shine, Perishing Republic: Robinson Jeffers and the Tragic Sense in Modern Poetry. New York: Haskell House, 1969. [Reprint of 1936 volume; key quotes on uncentering.]

Hamburger, Kate. “Phaedra.” From Sophocles to Sartre: Figures from Greek Tragedy, Classical and Modern. New York: Ungar, 1969. 117–23. B70. [Reviewed in RJN 31 (May 1972): 3–4.]

Hartshorne, Charles, and William Reese. “Jeffers: Tragic Pantheism.” Philosophers Speak of God. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1969. 208–10. [Reprint of 1953 volume.]

Jeffers, Donnan. “Robinson Jeffers in Foreign Translation.” RJN 24 (Sept. 1969): 3–4.

Jerome, Judson. “Poetry: How and Why the Language of Robinson Jeffers.” Revista de Lettras 1 (1969): 99–105.

Lehman, B. H. (Benjamin Harrison). “Recollections and Reminiscences of Life in the Bay Area from 1920 Onward.” Berkeley: Regional Oral History Office, Bancroft Library, University of California, 1969. [Phonotapes and transcript.]

McHaney, Thomas L. “Robinson Jeffers’s ‘Tamar’ and The Sound and the Fury.” Mississippi Quarterly 22 (Summer 1969): 261–63. [Abstract in RJN 27 (Nov. 1970): 3.]

Milosz, Czeslaw. Visions from San Francisco Bay [Polish original, published in 1969, titled Widzenia nad Zatoka San Francisco]. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1975. [Chapter titled “Carmel.”]

Powell, Lawrence Clark. “Melba Berry Bennett.” RJN 23 (Apr. 1969): 1. [On RJ’s biographer’s 1968 death.]

____. Robinson Jeffers: The Man and His Work. American Biography Series No. 32. New York: Haskell House, 1969. [Reprint of 1934 edition. Useful and timeless introduction.]

Redinger, Ellsworth. L. “An Interview with Judith Anderson.” Drama and Theater 7 (Winter 1968–69): 93–101.

“A Sunday Afternoon with Robinson Jeffers.” Official Bulletin of the Poetry Society of America (Feb. 1969): 25–31.

White, William. “Jeffers and Whitman Briefly.” Serif 6 (June 1969): 32–33.